Generative AI Landscape: Applications, Models, Infrastructure
He emphasizes the importance of direct experience and awareness in learning and evolving through receptivity to the unknown. In the context of generative AI, having a roadmap that can help you navigate the tool landscape becomes necessary to understand this ever-advancing field of new technologies. With their ability to process massive amounts of information, learn from patterns, and make intelligent decisions, generative AI tools have become indispensable. From startups to Fortune 500 organizations, companies in all sectors are benefiting from increased efficiency, innovation, and productivity. Databases, particularly non-relational (NoSQL) types, are vital for generative AI.
The release of open-source models in the West has also enabled Chinese developers to bypass the need for expensive development and quickly adapt existing models to the Chinese language. A few months after Stable Diffusion’s release, the Chinese research group IDEA-CCNL quickly trained and released the Chinese version of Stable Diffusion (called Taiyi-Stable Diffusion). When it comes to model parameter count, a rough proxy for model performance, Chinese models are roughly a year behind their top Western counterparts. In contrast to claims of “bigger, stronger, and faster AI from China,” China lags behind the West in model size and performance. And it would be difficult for China to surpass the U.S. any time soon, largely because of the gap in top AI talent.
As an example, transformation leader dbt Labs first announced a product expansion into the adjacent semantic layer area in October 2022. Then, it acquired an emerging player in the space, Transform (dbt’s blog post provides a nice overview of the semantic layer and metrics store concept) in February 2023. The Snowflake IPO (the biggest software IPO ever) acted as a catalyst for this entire ecosystem. Founders started literally hundreds of companies, and VCs happily funded them (again, and again, and again) within a few months. New categories (e.g., reverse ETL, metrics stores, data observability) appeared and became immediately crowded with a number of hopefuls. Private equity firms may play an outsized role in this new environment, whether on the buy or sell side.
Since the introduction of OpenAI’s ChatGPT, we have been amazed that almost every conversation, whether business or casual, has turned to speculation and opining about the future of generative AI (G-AI). But based on the early data we have for generative AI, combined with our experience with earlier AI/ML companies, our intuition is the following. Other hardware options do exist, including Google Tensor Processing Units (TPUs); AMD Instinct GPUs; AWS Inferentia and Trainium chips; and AI accelerators from startups like Cerebras, Sambanova, and Graphcore. Intel, late to the game, is also entering the market with their high-end Habana chips and Ponte Vecchio GPUs. In this paper, we will discuss generative AI concepts and details on how the technology works, how the tech stack is composed, and other aspects for clients interested in discussing their AI development path.
The ChatGPT Hype Is Over — Now Watch How Google Will Kill ChatGPT.
Nevertheless, Chinese generative AI startups face the same challenges as their Western counterparts, including the hammer-looking-for-nails problem and issues in longer-term commercialization and monetization. For instance, there are already many AI image-generator apps in China but few have built viable business models. Most are more toy-like than useful and will likely lose the attention of their customers once they get used to the Yakov Livshits technology. The issue of commercialization comes up frequently in Chinese investors’ discussions of the future prospects of generative AI. In the case of text-based content creation tools, instead of catering to sales and marketing, many products offer general and academic writing support and translation. The popular AI writing tool Pitaya focuses on offering academic writing assistance and translation services for English writing.
By putting good governance in place about who has access to what data and where you want to be careful within those guardrails that you set up, you can then set people free to be creative and to explore all the data that’s available to them. Donna Goodison (@dgoodison) is Protocol’s senior reporter focusing on enterprise infrastructure technology, from the ‘Big Yakov Livshits 3′ cloud computing providers to data centers. She previously covered the public cloud at CRN after 15 years as a business reporter for the Boston Herald. Based in Massachusetts, she also has worked as a Boston Globe freelancer, business reporter at the Boston Business Journal and real estate reporter at Banker & Tradesman after toiling at weekly newspapers.
Founder of the DevEducation project
A prolific businessman and investor, and the founder of several large companies in Israel, the USA and the UAE, Yakov’s corporation comprises over 2,000 employees all over the world. He graduated from the University of Oxford in the UK and Technion in Israel, before moving on to study complex systems science at NECSI in the USA. Yakov has a Masters in Software Development.
As the founder of SEO.ai and having run an SEO agency for 13 years, he’s spent the last decade pioneering cutting-edge tools, transforming how agencies and professionals approach Search Engine Optimization. Generative AI can optimize business efficiency by aiding in predictive maintenance for manufacturing equipment, optimizing supply chain logistics, and automating HR processes such as resume screening and candidate matching. Automated A/B testing for ad campaigns allows businesses to test multiple versions of an advertisement simultaneously.
However, while Model Hubs offer numerous benefits, they also present certain challenges. Depending on the data they were trained on, these models can introduce bias, warranting awareness of the potential for bias when utilizing a Model Hub. Moreover, privacy concerns may arise, as these hubs may collect and use user data in ways users may not fully comprehend. Finally, the accuracy of these models may vary based on the task for which they’re being used, necessitating an understanding of the potential for inaccuracies when using a Model Hub. Nonetheless, Model Hubs remain invaluable tools for generative AI, promising a wealth of possibilities for future development and innovation.
Introduction to Generative AI: Navigating the Landscape of LLMs
A key breakthrough in the Chinchilla paper was that previous LLMs had been trained on too little data — for a given parameter size the optimum model should use far more training data than GPT-3. PaLM excelled in 28 out of 29 NLP tasks in the few-shot performance, beating the prior larger models like GPT-3 and Chinchilla. This made it far easier to interact with these LLMs and to get them to answer questions and perform tasks without getting sidetracked by just trying to predict the next word. A fortunate feature of instruction tuning is that not only it helps to increase the accuracy and capabilities of these models, but they also help align them to human values and helps prevent them from generating undesired or dangerous content.
- Enterprises with established business models and large customer bases are adopting generative AI to quickly enhance their current end-user applications and improve their processes.
- Veronica Irwin (@vronirwin) is a San Francisco-based reporter at Protocol covering fintech.
- And more importantly, for existing generative AI developers to extend their models to other users at an affordable rate.
- The breakthroughs in Generative AI have left us with an extremely active and dynamic landscape of players.
- You.com does not collect users’ personal information and offers personal and private search modes.
Platforms like Midjourney and Runway ML exemplify tools that enable the creation of end-to-end applications utilizing proprietary models in the generative AI context. Midjourney empowers developers to construct, deploy, and scale AI applications, offering them a set of tools to leverage AI technologies without necessarily being experts in machine learning or data science. Developers can create end-to-end applications through Midjourney that utilize proprietary models to process user inputs and deliver generated outputs directly to the user.
Text Generative and Conversational AI Landscape
The Generative AI landscape is evolving as current models are made available to more users via APIs and open-source software, resulting in the development of new applications and use cases on a regular basis. With generative AI requiring less energy and financial investment, the generative AI landscape has expanded to include a number of established tech companies and generative AI startups. The landscape continues to evolve as existing models are extending to more users through APIs and open-source software, leading to new application and use case developments on a regular basis.
The term “generative” refers to how these models can “generate” new data rather than just analyzing or recognizing existing data. It’s mainly focused on creating authentic-looking artifacts and has found widespread usage in application areas such as art, music, computer vision, and robotics. The term “end-to-end” signifies that the application manages all process aspects, from the initial data input to the final output or action. This is especially pertinent to generative AI, where applications can take user inputs, process them via a proprietary AI model, and deliver an output within a single, seamless application. In the past, initiating an AI solution required a large pool of experts, but now, thanks to new-generation foundational models, AI implementation has become as straightforward as a single API call.
We’ve made the decision to keep both data infrastructure and ML/AI on the same landscape. However, we continue to believe that there is an essential symbiotic relationship between those areas. The distinction between a data engineer and a machine learning engineer is often pretty fluid. Enterprises need to have a solid data infrastructure in place in order before properly leveraging ML/AI.